- When to see a doctor
- Purpose of examination
- Preparation for the test
- How to understand the result of a nonspecific survey
- Results of a specific study
- Reliability of analyzes
Syphilis is a serious disease of a high degree of contagiousness. For the detection of the disease, blood tests (venous and capillary) are used, as well as spinal fluid in some cases. The analysis of the analysis for syphilis is carried out by the attending physician. The patient can independently see and understand some of the signs in the analysis, but the final conclusion about the presence or absence of the disease should be made by a qualified doctor. A false positive or false negative test for syphilis is possible.
WHEN YOU NEED TO APPLY TO THE DOCTOR
For a long time, syphilis was a dangerous disease that could not be cured. Modern medicine has all the means to completely cure the disease. The sooner a diagnosis is made and the disease is detected, the easier it will be to undergo treatment. Infection with syphilis occurs not only during sexual contact, but also when using the same household items with a patient (toothbrush, towel, kitchen utensils, etc.). Therefore, periodic rapid blood test for syphilis is recommended for each person.
Medical capsule with cap
During infection, there is an increase in lymph nodes in the inguinal area, the appearance of sores and skin rashes in the mouth and genital area. If you find the first symptoms of the disease, you should immediately consult a doctor. The examination can be anonymous in the direction of the gynecologist, urologist, proctologist, venereologist or ordinary therapist. After passing the test, you should ask for a transcript of the syphilis test to the doctor.
DESIGNATION OF THE SURVEY
Often during medical examinations a doctor can prescribe a lot of laboratory tests, including a test for syphilis. Do not take such a direction as suspicion of the disease. In many spheres of public life, a certificate of absence of the disease is required.
Registration in the hostel
Admission to the workplace for health workers, food service employees, etc.
Donation of organs or blood
Patients with active sex life
Presence of clinical symptoms
End of treatment for syphilis
As a primary study, as a rule, one of the nonspecific (non–treponemal) tests is prescribed. The reliability of such tests is relatively low and the patient can get a false positive result. In this case, a re–study will be performed using a specific (treponemal) test. Positive or negative analysis should be considered by the attending physician.
PREPARATION FOR THE TEST
Before donating blood from a finger or vein for laboratory testing, it is necessary to adhere to certain rules, so that the analysis is as reliable as possible. Do not eat food, tea or coffee 8–12 hours before taking blood. During the day before going to the laboratory, it is not recommended to use sharp, fatty, fried, salted or smoked foods. Antibiotics and other medications can also distort the test. All the substances taken should be reported to the doctor in charge. Perhaps he would recommend refraining from taking the test within 1 or several weeks. A blood sample can be taken in a private laboratory, a district polyclinic or a health care provider at home.
In any case, sterile equipment and disposable gloves are used.
Express analysis for syphilis can be done independently at home. Pharmacies offer special tests with detailed instructions in Russian. The test result is known in 10 minutes. One red strip on the indicator is a negative analysis for syphilis, two strips are positive. The reliability of such tests is not high enough and can not serve as a confirmation of the diagnosis.
HOW TO UNDERSTAND THE RESULT OF NON–SPECIFIC SURVEY
Patients often feel insecure after the test. To hand over a blood and not to be able to make decoding of analyzes on a syphilis independently, certainly, is unpleasant. Interpretation of the blood test requires medical education and appropriate qualification of the doctor, as well as consideration of all factors affecting the result. Can the patient independently read the results of his analysis for syphilis? After seeing the report of the laboratory, you can draw simple conclusions, but the doctor must confirm or deny the diagnosis.
The test with toluidine red is prescribed not for diagnosis, but for testing the effectiveness of the treatment of the disease. The study shows how much the amount of antibodies has changed compared to the previous analysis. If the figure has decreased, then the treatment is successful. The analysis is carried out during the treatment several times as prescribed by the doctor. After 3 months after completion of the procedures, a control test is conducted.