Doctor dermatovenereologist. Candidate of Medical Sciences, doctor of the 1st category.
Syphilis is one of the most well-known sexually transmitted diseases. The disease is known since ancient times, first described in the middle of the Middle Ages. The cause of it is the bacterium Treponema pallidum (pale treponema). It is worth noting that the probability of infection with syphilis, even after a single contact with an infected patient is high and ranges from 30% to 50%.

Ways of infection with syphilis:

during sex (vaginal, anal or oral);
from mother to child during pregnancy, infection rarely occurs when breastfeeding;
when the blood of an infected person is transfused, as well as when using common syringes, razors, toothbrushes;
The household way of infection with syphilis is extremely improbable, since pale treponema quickly dies outside the human body. However, infection is possible with prolonged, close contact with a sick person, when from the affected areas pale treponema can get on dishes or towels.
Depending on the stage of syphilis, the mucous membranes and skin, bone, internal organs, nervous system are affected. In the medical center “EVROMEDPRESTIZH” there is the possibility of diagnosing and treating syphilis from the earliest stages. If you have any symptoms or suspect a possible infection, you should consult a doctor who will prescribe tests to identify the cause of the illness. With the confirmation of the disease, a modern treatment will be prescribed, which will allow to get rid of the disease and avoid complications.

Service name Cost
Reception of the doctor-dermatovenerologist, KMN, medical-diagnostic, outpatient 2 100 rub.
Generalization of the results of the examination and preparation of an individual treatment program 2 degree of complexity 1 000 rub.
Disinfection of skin and treatment with specific means / 1 session 170 rub.
Removal of genital warts / per zone 0.5cm * 0.5cm 830 rub.
Dermatoscopy 800 rub.
See the whole price list
Primary syphilis occurs several weeks after infection. The incubation period of the disease is about three to six weeks. The first symptom of the disease is the appearance of a solid chancre. This is a new growth in the place where the bacterium has got into the body (most often – on the mucous membrane). Hard chancre is a round, dense ulcer with a diameter of up to 2 centimeters. It is painless, does not bleed and does not excrete pus. A week after the appearance of a solid chancre, lymph nodes along with the affected area increase. At this stage, the difficulty in diagnosing syphilis is that the primary symptoms may not manifest themselves or pass unnoticed (in the case, for example, if the chancre is located deep in the vaginal wall). In addition, there is a possibility of secondary infection, infection of the ulcer. In this case, around the solid chancre there is redness and swelling, pus begins to stand out. However, the analysis of secretions does not always make it possible to distinguish a pale treponema, which also makes it difficult to correctly diagnose. A few months after infection, syphilis passes into the second stage. At this point, the primary symptoms disappear, the scar remains in place of the solid chancre. The second stage is characterized by vascular changes in the deep layers of the skin and the appearance of a rash of generalized type. The rash may appear on the mucous membranes, face, body of a sick person, palms and feet. Eruptions of dark red color gradually lose saturation, the rash does not itch and does not itch. In some cases, individual elements of the rash can merge and expand on the mucous membranes, in the armpit and anus area, under the mammary glands. Such rashes are called condylomas and are characterized by increased infectiousness. The appearance of a rash may be accompanied by fever and general poor health, malaise, there is a sore throat, unilateral angina develops.

At this stage, the analysis of scrapings can reveal the causative agent of syphilis and establish an accurate diagnosis. The secondary period of the illness lasts several weeks. In the absence of proper treatment flows into a latent form, which can last for years. In this case, the patient remains contagious to others.

Approximately a third of patients have syphilis in the third stage. This stage is characterized by severe damage to internal organs and vital systems. At this stage of syphilis, the rash (tertiary syphilis) looks like dense, painless tubercles. Often necrosis occurs in their center, after which a coarse embryo is formed. Similar rashes appear not only on the skin, but also on any internal organs, affecting the nervous and bone-cartilaginous tissue (until the appearance of holes). The defeat of the nervous system and brain leads to various paralysis and cuts, there are problems with the mental state of the patient.

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